Newsgroups: rec.aviation.military From: firstname.lastname@example.org (joseph.f.baugher) Subject: NATO Code Names for Soviet Aircraft Organization: AT&T Bell Laboratories - Naperville, Illinois Date: Tue, 1 Dec 1992 02:12:52 GMT Message-ID: <1992Dec1.email@example.com> Lines: 685 I've been reading the thread on NATO code names for Soviet block aircraft. I have had this list of NATO code names lying around for a while. Hope someone finds this interesting. I would appreciate hearing from anyone who has any corrections or additions to this list. The scheme used in coming up with the code names appears to be fairly simple and straighforward. Names beginning with B refer to bombers, C names refer to transport aircraft, and names starting with F refer to fighters. Names beginning with M designate a catch-all of various types, ranging from utility aircraft and trainers all the way to high-altitude spy planes. Names starting with H refer to helicopters. For the "M", "F", "B" and "C" categories, single-syllable names refer to aircraft that are powered by piston or turbo- prop engines, whereas double-syllable names refer to jet-powered aircraft. This distinction does not apply to helicopters. Code Soviet designation Comments Name _______ ____________________ _______________________________ Backfin Tupolev Tu-98(?) Supersonic medium bomber. First appeared in 1957. Did not enter production. Backfire Tupolev Tu-26 Medium-range strategic bomber and maritime strike/reconnaissance aircraft. Two 50,000 lb. st. (with AB) Kuznetsov turbofans. Twin-barrel 23-mm cannon in remotely-controlled tail barbette. Up to 26,500 lbs of internal stores. Stand-off missiles can be carried externally. Entered service in 1972-3. Badger Tupolev Tu-16 Twin-engine long-range medium bomber. Two 19,180 lb. st. Mikulin AM-3M turbojets. Crew of 6, 20,000 lb. offensive load. 2 23 mm cannon in each of dorsal, ventral, and tail positions, one fixed forward firing 23-mm cannon. Many converted to platforms for stand-off missiles. Beagle Ilyushin Il-28 Twin-engine light tactical bomber. Two 6040 lb. st. Klimov VK-1 turbojets. Entered service in 1949. 2 23 mm cannon in tail turret, two 20 mm cannon fixed in nose. 4400 lb bombload. Bear Tupolev Tu-20 Four-turboprop long-range strategic bomber and reconnaissance aircraft. Four 14,795 shp Kuznetsov NK-12 turbprops. Bear A has 2 23 mm cannon in each of dorsal, ventral, and tail positions, plus one 23mm cannon fixed in forward-firing position. Up to 25,000 lb offensive load. Many converted to reconnaissance and stand- off missile launching roles. Beast Ilyushin Il-10 Single-engine ground attack aircraft. Postwar development of Il-2 heavily- armored ground attack plane. Bison Myasishchev Mya-4 Four-engine long-range heavy bomber. Four 19,180 lb. st. Mikulin AM-3M turbojets. One fixed, forward firing 23 mm cannon, 2 23 mm cannon in each of of dorsal, ventral, and tail turrets. About 150 built. Entered service in 1955/56. Most converted to tanker and reconnaissance roles. Blackjack Tupolev Tu-160 Long-range strategic bomber and maritime strike/reconnaissance aircraft. Variable-geometry wings. Has a close physical resemblance to the Rockwell B-1B Lancer, although the Blackjack is appreciably larger and more powerful. Four 55,000 lb. st. (with AB) Soloviev turbofans. Up to 36,000 lbs. of weapons can be carried, including cruise missiles, attack missiles, and free fall bombs. Entered service in 1988. Blinder Tupolev Tu-22 Twin-engine long-range medium bomber and reconnaissance-strike aircraft. First seen in 1961. Entered service in 1962. Two 30,000 lb. st. (with AB) Kolesov VD-7 turbojets mounted side by side above the rear fuselage. Blowlamp ??? Supersonic light attack bomber. Did not enter quantity production. Bob Ilyushin Il-4 Twin engine medium bomber of World War 2 vintage. Boot ???? Antisubmarine attack aircraft. One 4000 hp Kuznetsov turboprop. Appeared in 1956. Did not enter quantity production. Bosun Tupolev Tu-14 Twin-engine land-based torpedo-bomber operated by Soviet naval air arm. Two 6040 lb. st. Klimov VK-1 turbojets. Two fixed forward-firing cannon. Two 23mm cannon in tail turret. Crew 4. Entered service in 1949. Bounder Myasishchev M-52 Four-engine supersonic bomber prototype. Never attained service. Brawny ??? Twin jet, two seat attack and close support aircraft. First appeared in 1956. Did not enter quantity production. Brewer Yakovlev Yak-28 Two-seat light tactical bomber adaptation of Yak-28P Firebar. Internal weapons bay, bombardier position in glazed nose. Entered service in early 1960s. Buck Tupolev Tu-2 Twin engine light bomber of World War 2 vintage. Bull Tupolev Tu-4 Four-engine long range heavy bomber. Copy of Boeing B-29 Superfortress. Cab Lisunov Li-2 License-built version of Douglas DC-3 commercial transport. Camel Tupolev Tu-104 Twin-engine commercial jet transport. Adapted from Tu-16 bomber. Two 15,000 lb. st. Mikulin RD-3M turbojets. First entered service in 1956. Camp Antonov An-8 Twin-engined assault transport. Did not enter quantity production. Candid Ilyushin Il-76 Four-engined heavy commercial and military freighter. Four 26,450 lb. st. Soloviev D-30-KP turbofans. Generally similar in concept to Lockheed C-141 Starlifter. Entered service in 1974. Careless Tupolev Tu-154 Three-engined medium- to long-range commercial transport. Three 20,950 lb. st. Kuznetsov NK-8-2 turbofans. Entered service in 1972. Cat Antonov An-10 Four-engine turboprop commercial freight and passenger transport. Four 4015 shp Ivchenko AI-20 turboprops. Up to 130 passengers. Entered service in 1959. Charger Tupolev Tu-144 Long-range supersonic commercial transport. Four 38,580 lb. st. (with AB) Kuznetsov NK-144 turbofans. Classic Ilyushin IL-62 Four-engined long-range commercial transport. Four 23,150 lb. st. Kutznetsov NK-8 turbofans. Cleat Tupolev Tu-114 Four-engine turboprop commercial transport. Wing, undercarriage, and tail of Tu-20 bomber. Four 14,795 shp Kuznetsov NK-12 turboprops. Entered service in 1961. Cline Antonov An-32 Twin-engined military tactical transport. Two 4195 ehp Ivchenko AI-20M or 5112 ehp AI-20DM turboprops. Derivative of An-26. Entered service in early 1980s. Clobber Yakovlev Yak-42 Medium-range commercial transport. Three 14,330 lb. st. Lotarev D-26 turbofans. Entered service in 1978. Clod Antonov AN-14 Twin-engined light STOL utility transport. Two 300 Ivchenko AI-14RF radial engines. Coach Ilyushin IL-12 Twin-engine personnel and cargo transport. Two 1775 shp Shvetsov ASh-82FNV radials. Coaler Antonov An-72/74 Twin engined light STOL transport. Two 14,330 lb. st. Lotarev D-36 or 16,534 lb. st. D-436K turbofans. An-72 is tactical transport version which entered service with Soviet Air Force in 1987. An-74 is dedicated Arctic survey and support version. Engines are mounted above the wing, and use is made of the Coanda effect to achieve STOL performance. Cock Antonov An-22 Four-engined heavy military and commercial freighter. Four 15,000 shp Kuznetsov NK-12MA turboprops. Codling Yakovlev Yak-40 Three-engined short-range commercial feederliner. Three 3307 lb. st. Ivchenko AI-25 turbofans. Entered service in 1968. Coke Antonov An-24 Twin-turboprop short-range commercial transport. Two 2550 shp Ivchenko AI-24 turboprops. Entered service in 1963. Colt Antonov An-2 Single-engine biplane utility transport. One 1000 hp. Shvetsov Ash-62IR radial engine. First flew in 1947. Condor Antonov An-124 Heavy strategic freighter. Four 51,590 lb. st. Lotarev D-18T turbofans. Entered service in 1984. Cooker Tupolev Tu-110 Four-jet commercial transport. Evolved from Tu-104 transport. Four Lyulka AL-5 turbojets, 12,125 lb. st. each. Cookpot Tupolev Tu-124 Twin-engine commercial jet transport. Scaled down version of Tu-104. Two 12,125 lb. st. Solovlev D-20P turbofans. Entered service in 1962. Coot Ilyushin Il-18 Four-engine turboprop transport. Four 4015 shp Ivchenko AI-20 turboprops. Il-20 is elint version. Il-22 is airborne control post version. Cossack Antonov An-225 Six-engined ultra-heavy transport. 6 51,590 lb. st. Lotarev D-18T turbo- fans. Freighter intended to carry large outside loads on top of fuselage in support of Soviet space program. Crate Ilyushin Il-14 Twin-engine commercial and military personnel/cargo transport. Progressive development of IL-12. Two 1900 hp. Shvetsov ASh-82T-7 radials. Creek Yakovlev Yak-12 Single engine, four-seat light utility aircraft. One 240hp Ivchenko AI-14R radial. Entered production in 1946. Crusty Tupolev Tu-134 Twin-engine short- to medium-range commercial transport. Two 14,990 lb. st. Soloviev D-30-2 turbofans mounted on rear fuselage. Entered service in 1966. Cub Antonov An-12 Medium and long-range military transport. Military version of An-10A commercial transport. Redesigned rear fuselage with loading ramp and tail turret. Cuff Beriev Be-30 Twin-engined light commercial feederliner. Two TVD-10 (Turbomeca Astazou) turboprops, 970 shp each. Entered service in 1969. Curl Antonov An-26 Twin-engined short to medium-range military and commercial freighter. Two 2820 shp Ivchenko AI-24T turboprops. Faceplate Mikoyan Ye-2 Code name assigned to swept-wing version of delta-winged MiG-21 fighter. First seen in 1956. This version seems to have lost out to the familiar delta- winged version for production orders. However, it was not until 1963 that people in the West finally became aware that the delta-winged MiG-21 (Fishbed) was the version which had entered service. Fagot Mikoyan MiG-15 Single-engine interceptor/fighter of Korean War fame. One 5950 lb. st. Klimov VK-1 turbojet. Two 23 mm, one 37 mm cannon. Faithless Mikoyan Ye-230 Single-seat STOL fighter-bomber prototype. One turbojet plus two vertically-disposed lift engines. First demonstrated in 1967, but appears never to have attained production status. Fang Lavochkin La-11 Single-seat, piston-engined fighter. Was standard equipment for Soviet Air Force fighter units during immediate postwar years. Fantail Lavochkin La-15 Single seat interceptor fighter. One 3500 lb. st. RD-500 turbojet. Fargo Mikoyan MiG-9 Twin-engined jet-powered fighter. Was interim jet fighter to fill the gap until MiG-15 could enter service. Farmer Mikoyan MiG-19 Twin-engine interceptor/fighter. Two 5500 lb. st. Klimov RD-9F turbojets Entered service in 1955. First Russian production aircraft capable of supersonic flight in level flight. 3 30-mm cannon (Farmer C). Farmer E is all-weather interceptor version. Feather Yakovlev Yak-17 Single-seat single-engine jet fighter. Adapation of Yak-15. Fencer Sukhoi Su-24 Two-seat deep penetration interdictor and strike, reconnaissance and electronic warfare aircraft. Two 25,350 lb. st.(with AB) Tumansky R-29B turbojets. One 30 mm cannon plus up to 13,000 lbs of external ordinance. Entered service in 1974. Fiddler Tupolev Tu-28 Twin-engined, two seat long-range all-weather interceptor. Two Lyulka AL-21F-3 turbojets, 24,250 lb. st. with AB. Derived from Tu-98 bomber. Firebar Yakovlev Yak-28P Third-generation development of Yak-25 Flashlight two-seat all-weather interceptor. Two 13,670 lb. st. (with AB) Tumansky R-11 turbojets. No cannon armament. Can carry two Anab radar homing missiles plus two Atoll infrared homers. Entered service in 1964. Fishbed Mikoyan MiG-21 Single-engine interceptor/fighter. Entered service in 1960. Most widely- used Soviet fighter in postwar era. Many exported to foreign air forces. Fishpot Suhkoi Su-9/11 Single-engine all-weather fighter. Su-9 has one 19,840 lb st (with AB) Lyulka AL-7 turbojet. Su-11 has one 22,050 lb st (with AB) Lyulka AL-7F-1 turbojet. No cannon armament. Su-9 was similar to Su-7 fighter-bomber, but with a delta wing rather than the original swept wing. Su-11 is uprated version with more powerful engine and more advanced electronics. Fitter Sukhoi Su-7/17/20/22 Single-engine fighter bomber. Su-7 is swept wing version, Su-17,20 and 22 are variable geometry versions. Flashlight Yakovlev Yak-25 Twin-engine, two seat night and all weather interceptor. Entered service in 1955. Two 5500 lb. st. Klimov RD-9 turbojets. 594 mph at 36,000 ft. PD6 intercept radar in bulbous nose. Flagon Sukhoi Su-15 Single-seat all-weather interceptor Two 15,000 lb. st. (with AB) Tumanksy R-13F-200 turbojets (Flagon E and F). No cannon armament. Four air to air missiles under the wings. Flanker Sukhoi Su-27 Single-seat air superiority fighter. Two 30,000 lb. st. (with AB) Lyulka RD-32 turbofans. One 30 mm cannon plus up to 10 air-to-air missiles. Entered service in 1986. Flipper Mikoyan Ye-152A Code name was assigned to an experimental twin engine interceptor fighter development of MiG-21 which was first seen in 1961. Two Tumansky R-11F turbojets. Was not ordered into production. Flogger Mikoyan MiG-23/27 Single-engine variable-sweep fighter (MiG-23) and fighter-bomber (MiG-27). One 27,000 lb. st. (with AB) Tumansky R-29BS-300 turbojet. One twin-barrel 23-mm cannon, plus up to 8 air to air missiles. MiG-27 version can carry up to 6600 lbs. of external ordinance. Flora Yakovlev Yak-23 Single-seat interceptor fighter. One 3500 lb. st. RD-500 turbojet. Forger Yakovlev Yak-38 Single-seat shipboard air defense and strike fighter. One 17,985 lb. st. Lyulks Al-12 lift/cruise turbojet and two tandem-mounted 7875 lb. st. Koliesov lift turbojets. Can carry two air to air missiles or two podded 23-mm twin- barreled cannon. In strike role, can carry up to 8000 lbs. of stores. Foxbat Mikoyan MiG-25 Twin-engine interceptor/fighter. Two Tumansky R-31 turbojets, 24,250 lb. st. with AB. No cannon, up to four externally-mounted AAMs. Entered service in 1966. Foxhound Mikoyan MiG-31 Tandem two-seat all-weather interceptor. Two 30,865 lb. st. (with AB) Tumansky R-31F turbojets. No cannon armament. Up to 8 air-to-air missiles. Derived from MiG-25. Entered service in 1983. Fred Bell P-63 Kingcobra Lend-lease P-63s remaining in Soviet service after the end of World War 2. Freehand Yakovlev Yak-36 Single-seat VTOL research aircraft. Two vectored-thrust turbofans. First demonstrated in 1967. Believed experimental only. Freestyle Yakovlev Yak-141 Single seat VTOL carrier-based interceptor/fighter. Believed experimental only. Fresco Mikoyan MiG-17 Single-engine interceptor/fighter. Aerodynamic refinement of MiG-15. Entered service in 1954. One 6040 lb. st. Klimov VK-1A turbojet. Two 23mm, one 37 mm cannon. Frogfoot Sukhoi Su-25 Single-seat attack and close air support aircraft. Two 9340 lb. st. Tumansky R-13-300 turbojets. One 30 mm cannon, plus up to 8820 lbs. of external ordinance. Entered service in 1981-2. Fulcrum Mikoyan MiG-29 Single-seat air superiority fighter. Two 18,300 lb. st. (with AB) Tumansky RD-33 turbofans. One 30-mm cannon plus air to air missiles. Entered service in 1983. Halo Mil Mi-26 Military and commercial heavylift helicopter. Two 11,240 shp Lotarev D-136 turboshafts. Heaviest and most powerful helicopter yet flown. Entered service in 1981. Hare Mil Mi-1 Three-seat light utility helicopter. One 575 hp Ivchenko AI-26V radial. Entered service in 1950. Harke Mil Mi-10 Military crane-type helicopter evolved from Mi-6. Two 5500 shp Soloviev D-25 turboshafts. Entered service in 1963. Harp Kamov Ka-20 Twin-engine antisubmarine helicopter prototype. Havoc Mil Mi-28 Tandem two-seat anti-armor and attack helicopter. Two 200--2500 shp turbo- shafts of uncertain origin. Dedicated attack helicopter with no secondary transport capability. Roughly comparable to AH-64 Apache. Carries a single gun in an undernose barbette, plus external loads carried on pylons beneath stub wings. Current status is uncertain. Haze Mil Mi-14 Evolved from Mi-8 transport helicopter. Built in antisubmarine, mine counter- measures, and search and rescue versions. Two 1950 shp Isotov TV-3-117M turboshafts. Entered service in 1975. Helix Kamov Ka-27 Shipboard anti-submarine warfare, assault transport, and search and rescue helicopter. Two 2225 shp Isotov TV-117V turboshafts. Hen Kamov Ka-15 Two-seat utility helicopter. Used primarily for bush patrol, agricultural purposes, and fishery control. Hermit Mil Mi-34 Two/four seat light instructional and competition helicopter. One 325 hp Vedeneyev M-14V-26 radial. Entered productin in 1989. Hind Mil Mi-24 Assault and anti-armor helicopter. Two 2200 shp Isotov TV3-117 turboshafts. Hip Mil Mi-8 General purpose transport helicopter. Two 1500 shp Izotov TB-2-117A turboshafts. Entered production in 1964 for both military and civil tasks. Hog Kamov Ka-18 Four-seat utility helicopter. One Ivchenko AI-14V radial, 255 hp. Apart from forward fuselage, generally sililar to Ka-15. Hokum Kamov Ka-136(?) Side-by-side two-seat combat helicopter. Designed as air-to-air combat helicopter, intended to eliminate enemy frontline helicopters. Current status is uncertain. Homer Mil Mi-12 Heavy transport helicopter. Four 6500 shp Soloviev D-25DF turboshafts. Two engines are mounted side-by-side at the tips of braced wings. World's largest helicopter. Entered production in 1972. Hoodlum Kamov Ka-26/126 Light utility helicopter. Two 325 hp Vedeneev M-14V-26 radials (Ka-26). Entered production in 1966. Ka-126 is upgraded version with one 720 shp Kopchenko TVD-100 turboshaft. First flown in 1988. Hook Mil Mi-6 Heavy transport helicopter. Two 5500 shp Soloviev D-25V turboshafts. Crew 5, up to 65 passengers. First flown in 1957. Built in large numbers for both military and civil roles. Hoplite Mil Mi-2 Light general purpose helicopter. Two 437 shp Izotov GTD-350 turboshafts. Entered production in Poland in 1966. Hormone Kamov Ka-25 Shipboard antisubmarine warfare helicopter. Two 900 shp Glushenkov GTD-3 turboshafts. Ka-25K is utility and flying crane version. Horse Yakovlev Yak-24 Twin-engine, twin rotor military assault helicopter. Two 1700 hp Shvetsov ASh-82V radials. Entered production in 1955. Hound Mil Mi-4 Transport helicopter. One 1700 hp Shvetsov ASh-82V radial engine. Serves in both military and civilian roles Crew 3, up to 14 passengers. Entered service in 1952. Madcap Antonov An-74 Version of An-74A transport for airborne early warning and control. Madge Beriev Be-6 Twin-engine long-range maritime reconnaissance flying boat. Two 2000 hp. Shvetsov ASh-73 radial engines. Maestro Yakovlev Yak-28U Trainer version of Yak-28 Brewer tactical attack aircraft. Two Tumansky RD-11 turbojets. Magnum Yakovlev Yak-30 Tandem two-seat jet basic trainer. One 2315 lb. st. Tumansky TRD-29 turbojet. The Czech L-29 Delfin was selected by Soviet Air Force in preference to Yak-30. Maiden Sukhoi Su-9U Tandem, two-seat conversion trainer variant of Su-9 interceptor. Mail Beriev Be-12 Turboprop-powered amphibious development of the BE-6 flying boat. Two Ivchenko AI-20M turboprops. Entered service with Soviet Navy in early 1960s in maritime patrol role. Mainstay Ilyushin Il-76 Airborne early warning and control aircraft. Derived from Il-76TD. Large radome on twin pylons above the rear fuselage. Entered service in 1986. Mallow Beriev Be-10 Long-range maritime reconnaissance flying boat. Two 14,330 lb. st. Type AL-7PB turbojets. Two 23 mm cannon in radar-controlled tail turret. Two fixed forward firing 20mm or 23mm cannon. Mandrake Yakovlev ? Single-seat high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft. Derivative of basic Yak-25 design, with swept wing replaced by a high aspect ratio straight wing. Generally comparable in concept to Martin RB-57D. Mantis Yakovlev Yak-32 Single-seat version of Yak-30 basic trainer. Mare ?? Tsibin-designed heavy transport glider. Mascot Ilyushin Il-28U Crew trainer version of IL-28 bomber. Ventral radome and glazed nose deleted. Additional pupil cockpit added ahead of main cockpit. Defensive armament normally deleted. Max Yakovlev Yak-18 Tandem two-seat primary trainer. One 160 hp M-11FR-1 radial. Entered service in 1946. May Ilyushin Il-38 Four-engined long-range maritime patrol aircraft. Four 4250 shp Ivchenko AI-20M turboprops. Evolved from Il-18 transport. Maya L-29A Delfin Two-seat basic trainer. Czech-built aircraft supplied to Soviet Air Force as standard basic trainer. One M 701 turbojet, 1918 lb. st. Mermaid Beriev A-40 Twin-engined amphibian - Two Soloviev D-30KPV turbofans. Be-42 is search and rescue version, Be-44 is ASW/ Surveillance/Minelaying version. Midas Ilyushin Il-78 Four-engined inflight refuelling tanker. Four 26,455 lb. st. Soloviev D-30KP turbofans. Midget Mikoyan MiG-15UTI Tandem two-seat advanced trainer. Conversion of MiG-15 fighter. One Klimov RD-45FA turbojet, 5952 lb. st. 2 23-mm cannon. Mole Yakovlev Yak-14 Heavy transport glider. Mongol Mikoyan MiG-21UTI Tandem two-seat advanced and combat proficiency trainer. Conversion of basic MiG-21 fighter. Moose Yakovlev Yak-11 Tandem two-seat advanced trainer. One 730 hp Shvetsov ASh-21 radial engine. Entered service in 1947. Moss Tupolev Tu-126 Four-engined airborne warning and control system aircraft. Four 14,795 shp Kuznetsov NK-12MV turboprops. Adaptation of Tu-114 commercial transport to AWACS role. Moujik Sukhoi Su-7UTI Tandem two-seat ground attack fighter trainer. Training version of single- seat Su-7 Fitter fighter bomber. Entered service in early 1960s. Mouse Yakovlev Yak-18P Single-seat aerobatic aircraft for use by flying clubs. Adaptation of Yak-18 two-seat trainer. Mule Polikarpov PO-2 Tandem, two-seat utility biplane. One 125 hp M-11D radial engine. Mystic Myasischchev M-17 Single-seat high-altitude research aircraft. Both single and twin-engined versions built. References: . Bill Gunston, Mikoyan MiG-21, Osprey, 1986. . William Green and Gerald Pollinger, The Aircraft of the World, Doubleday, 1965. . Norman Polmar, Guide to the Soviet Navy, Arms and Armor Press, 1986. Joe Baugher ************************************** AT&T Bell Laboratories * "If you're lookin' for trouble, * 200 Park Plaza * I'll accommodate ya!" * Naperville, Illinois 60566-7050 ************************************** (708) 713 4548 ihlpm!jfb Who, me? Speak for AT&T? Surely you jest! firstname.lastname@example.org
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