single-seat air superiority fighter. Two 30,000 lb. st. (with AB)
Lyulka RD-32 turbofans. One 30 mm cannon plus up to 10 air-to-air missiles.
Landing speed 220km/h. Entered service in 1986.
Minimal flying speed: 190-200km/h (shown by a service pilot), 170km/h (at
26 deg, shown by a test pilot). Minimal take-off run: 400m. (As reported
by a pilot.)
The Su-27 is a big long-range air superiority fighter, comparable to the U.S.
F-15 but superior in many respects. A shipboard version of the Su-27, with
canards, has been tested on Russia's first big carriers. It seems to go in
production. There also is a two-seat attack version, the SU-27IB, with
side-by-side seating in a reshaped nose.
Two 12500kg Lyulka AL-31F. 30mm gun. 10+ hardpoints for AA missiles. M2.35.
Analogous electrical remote control system.
Sold to China, India (Su-30MKI, tail No 56). Traded to Bangladesh, Vietnam,
Su -27 Flanker Album pics
Sukhoi : A History of the Design Bureau and Its Aircraft
by Vladimir Antonov, Yefim Gordon (Contributor), Mikolai Gordyukov, vladim
Yakovlev, Vyachaslav Zenkin (Contributor)
Hardcover - 300 pages
Voyageur Press; ISBN:
1857800125 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.90 x 11.26 x 8.80
The famous Russian soviet aircraft design bureau is thoroughly
documented in this book, which has been prepared with the cooperation of
the Sukhoi bureau and with extensive access to their records and photo
files. Each individual aircraft type is reviewed in detail, including
phototypes, testbeds and projects in various three view and other
Su-37 Advanced Flanker
an air superiority fighter and holder of numerous world records, a participant
in spectacular air shows and unparalleled non-stop flights, and an aircraft which
still continues to amaze the world with its top flight performances, the Su-27
is often called the Russian enigma of the 1980s. This aircraft opened the door
to the 21st century for our tactical aviation. Designed in 1977 by the Sukhoi
Experimental Design Bureau (EDB), the Su-27 came along as the first
implementation of the vast and manifold development scenario of fourth
generation tactical aircraft for the then Soviet, now Russian, Air Force.
The Su-27 has embraced in its design the
latest achievements of EDB designers and scientists of defense research
Today, after a lapse of many years, one can
see the results of this grand project, which may be the most challenging
the history of combat aviation. They have materialized in the whole Su family,
which now comprises the Su-27UB, Su-30, Su-33, Su-32FN, Su-35, and, finally,
the Su-37 aircraft.
The new multirole all-weather superagile fighter
Su-37 (registration number 711) with thrust vector control (TVC) represents a
logical step forward in the steady implementation by the Sukhoi EDB of a
development program of fourth and fifth generation of tactical aircraft from
the basic Su-27 fighter for the Russian Air Force. As announced by General
Designer Mikhail Simonov, the new fighter is related to "the fourth with
two pluses" generation. This is the latest, although far from the last,
Drawing on previous research and new
progressive technologies, the EDB has produced, jointly with engine, systems,
avionics and armament designers, a fighter which is likely to stay in service
until 2015 - 2020.
Alexander Kotelkin, Director General of the
Rosvoorouzhenie State Corporation, repeatedly declared at the latest
international arms exhibitions that due to a large volume of export deliveries
of the Su-27s and their derivatives, Sukhoi will rank among the world's top
three leading exporters of fighters in the next decade.
The seriousness of this statement was
confirmed by the first flight of the Su-37 prototype on April 2, 1996, with
test pilot Yevgeny Frolov, Hero of Russia, at the controls. This was followed
five months later by a demonstration flight of this aircraft at the
prestigious Farnborough '96 air show, where it amazed the spectators with its
Introducing the new machine, Mikhail
Simonov emphasized that, unlike the American X-31, this was no experimental
specimen, but rather a prototype of the series production aircraft. It has a
standard configuration of the Su-35 multirole fighter, can carry up to 14
air-to-air missiles and up to 8,000 kg of ordnance.
The following features clearly set this
aircraft apart from the others:
- capability to deliver a preemptive strike
at any air target, including hard-to-detect ones;
- exceptionally high performance;
- phenomenal agility; - multichannel
redundancy and algorithmic protection of all information and aiming systems;
- ground target attack standoff range
- terrain following and ground obstacle
- automated group actions during attacks at
air and ground targets;
- ability to counteract enemy ECM and
- automation of all phases of flight and
The Su-37's powerplant comprises two
experimental TVC turbofans, type AL-31FU. The engine was developed by the
Lulka-Saturn company team, led by General Designer Victor Chepkin, and is a
derivative of the twin-shaft AL-31F turbofan installed on the Su-27. It has a
modular design, which allows for replacement of its nozzle, afterburner,
mixer, low-pressure (LP) turbine and compressor, and gearbox as part of its
post-warranty servicing. One can also repair or replace the blades of the
first stage of the LP compressor and all stages of the HP compressor. The
axis-symmetric swivelling nozzle is secured to the annular swivel and can be
moved in the pitch plane with the aid of two pairs of hydraulic jacks.
Depending on a maneuver to be performed,
the nozzles can be deflected both synchronously and differentially. The
biggest problem with the implementation of the TVC nozzle concept, that has
still not be resolved by the Americans, was to provide the nozzle reversal
joint with a seal strong enough to prevent outblast of the gases with a
temperature of almost 2,000 oC and pressure of 5 to 7 kgf/cm2.
Su-37 multirole fighter is furnished with the full range of onboard systems
and equipment, and is a prototype of the series production aircraft.
The AL-31F and AL-31FU engines are fully
interchangeable; in other words, all the derivatives of the Su-27 and the base
aircraft may be powered by the AL-31FU engine. As well as powering the Su-37
fighter, the AL-31FU engine will be first installed on the Su-30MK multirole
The Su-37 uses the 'unstable integral
triplane' layout, which, in combination with the small specific load acting on
the wing, high power-to-weight ratio, integral electrical remote control
system and powerplant TVC feature, ensures the aircraft superagility,
increased range of controlled flight and improved takeoff and landing
The TVC feature incorporated into the
aircraft flight control loop makes it possible to minimize, when required, the
flight speed and perform aerobatics at speeds nearing zero without
angle-of-attack limitations (hence superagility).
According to Mikhail Simonov, the aircraft
has virtually no angle-of-attack limitations. It can fly flatwise to the air
stream, with its tail forward, i. e., with 90 and even 180 deg angles of
attack. It can locate targets with its radars and attack them with its weapons
from any position. This feature is extremely important for both air combat and
the evasion of enemy missile attacks.
Its avionics equipment comprises an onboard
multifunction jamproof forward-looking phased-array radar that can track up to
15 targets at a time, provide target designation, launch and guide several
air-to-air missiles fitted with active, passive and IR homing heads, and an
optronic fire control and surveillance system. In addition, the onboard
avionics equipment is used for mapping, multichannel employment of guided
weapons and low altitude flight with avoidance of ground features.
The information and control facilities in
the pilot's cockpit cover four wide liquid-crystal displays of tactical and
flight-navigation data, onboard system monitors and an operating conditions
control panel. Information from individual systems may be presented on any
display selected by the pilot. One more widescope indicator is installed on
side short-travel control stick of the aircraft, avionics control handle and
strain-gauging engine thrust controls, as well as tactical situation, flight
conditions and systems monitors enable the pilot to effectively control the
aircraft, systems and weapons.
The Su-37 multifunction fighter can carry
air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons at its 12 hardpoints.
For air combat, the aircraft is fitted with
R-73E short-range air-to-air IR homing missiles and RVV-AE air-to-air missiles
with active radar guidance.
To attack ground and water-surface targets,
the Su-37 can carry IR and radar homing missiles.
In the opinion of leading western experts,
the Su-37 fighter will stay unrivaled for many years to come and take a
deserving position on the world arms market.
|Flanker 2.0 Best realistic graphics
textured terrain with a new 3-D graphics engine
Su-33 Flanker or the Su-27 Flanker
3-D sound with Doppler effects
your own missions
The 2.0 version of Flanker builds on the technical
excellence of the original game by adding spectacular new 3-D graphics and
sound effects. Choose a plane--the Su-33 Flanker or the Su-27 Flanker--and
take off from a naval carrier or from your land base in this
ultra-realistic flight simulator and combat game.
Su -27 Flanker Album pics